Rare Book School

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G-10. Introduction to the Principles of Bibliographical Description

David Gants and Richard Noble

An introduction to the physical examination and description of printed books, especially of the period 1550-1875. Designed both for those with little previous formal exposure to this subject and for those with some general knowledge of the field who wish to be presented with a systematic discussion of the elements of physical description. A major part of the course will consist of small, closely supervised laboratory sessions in which students will practice the determination of format and collation and the writing of standard descriptions of signings and pagination. In daily museum sessions, students will have the opportunity to see a wide variety of printed books and other materials drawn from the extensive Rare Book School laboratory collections.

This course is intended for persons who want to develop a better understanding of the physical description of books, particularly those books produced before about 1850. Each class day is divided into four parts: lecture, homework, lab, and museum. Daily lectures concentrate on methods of determining format and collation, and of describing type, paper, illustrations, binding, and the circumstances of publication. Students prepare for daily laboratory sessions in which they work, under close supervision, with progressively more difficult examples of various formats and collations. During the daily museum periods, students have extensive hands-on access to the celebrated Rare Book School realia collections: tools and equipment, samples and examples, self-teaching packages, and the like.

Note on the differences between the Bibliographers Toolkit courses and Introduction to the Principles of Bibliographical Description

Introduction to the Principles of Bibliographical Description (G-10) covers much the same ground as the “Bibliographers Toolkit” courses. The differences are basically these: G-10 focuses more intensively on format and collation and on the rigorous description of hand- and machine-press period books through laboratory sessions and homework; it also emphasizes self-study of terminology and the physical book through museum sessions. The Toolkit courses provide a less intensive introduction to format and collation, and “museum” sessions are interpreted by faculty in a more traditional, interactive seminar setting. Students in all courses, however, benefit from close, extended contact with RBSs renowned study collections of books, bindings, and related artifacts. The Toolkit courses are intended for collectors, dealers, librarians, teachers and others who seek an introduction on how to identify and describe printed books, but who do not wish to spend an intensive amount of time on the study of format and collational formulas.

If you anticipate the need to produce bibliographical descriptions of your own, including accurate collational formulas, you may find G-10 more suited to your needs. If a broader overview would better suit your career plans or personal interests, then either of the Toolkit courses would be a good fit. Because of the overlap in course content, RBS discourages students from applying to both the Toolkit courses and G-10 in the same year; however, students who complete either of the Toolkit courses are welcome to apply to G-10 in subsequent years, but not vice versa. Students who take G-10 will find themselves better prepared for the Advanced Descriptive Bibliography course.

Course Resources

  • Preliminary Reading List
  • Evaluations for this course:

Course History


The course is renamed “Introduction to the Principles of Bibliographical Description.”


David Gants and Richard Noble co-teach this course for the first time.


Terry Belanger and Richard Noble co-teach this course.


Terry Belanger and David Ferris co-teach this course.


Terry Belanger, Donald Farren, and David Ferris co-teach this course.


Terry Belanger and Donald Farren co-teach this course.


Donald Farren inaugurates this course as “Introduction to Descriptive Bibliography”