Al Carver-Kubik is a Research Scientist at the Image Permanence Institute (IPI) at Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). Her main research focuses are photographic materials and processes and the mechanical behavior of library and archive materials. She received her M.A. in Photographic Preservation and Collections Management from Ryerson University in co-ordination with the George Eastman Museum. She co-authored the book In the Darkroom: An Illustrated Guide to Photographic Processes Before the Digital Age (2010) and has contributed research about photographic materials to several other publications including the Thames and Hudson Dictionary of Photography (2015), and Platinum and Palladium Photographs: Technical History, Connoisseurship, and Conservation (2017). At IPI she has further developed the web resource, Graphics Atlas, and created a methodology for process identification. She is currently teaching process identification workshops throughout the United States as well as a series of webinars.