G-75. Paper as Bibliographical Evidence - Advance Reading List

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  • Required Reading

    Entries in bold are available in a PDF to download. Admitted students will be provided with the PDFs prior to the start of the course.

    Baker, Cathleen A. “Chapter 3. Papermaking by Hand and by Machine,” “Chapter 5. Paper Characteristics,” “Appendix C. Names and Dimensions of Typical Nineteenth-Century Papers,” and “Appendix D. Testing Methods.” In From the Hand to the Machine. Nineteenth-Century American Paper and Mediums: Technologies, Materials, and Conservation, 34–65, 94–132, 300–01. 2nd imp. Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, 2014.

    Course participants can purchase this book and any other TLP title on this reading list at a 25% discount (plus s/h) by emailing the publisher: thelegacypress@gmail.com. Full disclosure: TLP is owned by the course leader.

    Gaskell, Philip. “Notes on Eighteenth-Century British Paper.” The Library, ser. 5, 12 (March 1957): 34–42.

    Gaskell, Philip. “Bibliographical Description.” In A New Introduction to Bibliography, 321–22, 333–34. New Castle, DE.: Oak Knoll Press, 1995.

    Povey, K., and I.J.C. Foster. “Turned Chain-Lines.” The Library, ser. 5, 5 (1950–51): 184–200.

    Stevenson, Allan. “Watermarks are Twins.” Studies in Bibliography 4 (1951–52): 57–91.

    Stevenson, Allan. “Chain-Indentations in Paper as Evidence.” Studies in Bibliography 6 (1954): 181–95.

    Stevenson, Allan. “Paper as Bibliographical Evidence.” The Library, ser. 5, 17 (1962): 197–212.

  • Highly Recommended Reading for Participants Who Are Unfamiliar with the Manufacture of Hand- and Machine-Made Papers

    Baker, Cathleen A. “Chapter 2. Rag Preparation,” “Chapter 4. Processing Innovations and New Fiber Sources.” In From the Hand to the Machine, 2nd imp., 20–33, 66–93. Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, 2014.

    Barrett, Timothy. “Chapter 1. Traditional European Papermaking.” In European Hand Papermaking: Traditions, Tools, and Techniques, 2nd ed., 1–45. Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, 2019.

    Moore, Timothy. “Appendix C. Mould and Deckle Construction.” In European Hand Papermaking, 2nd ed., 254–290. Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, 2019.

  • Highly Recommended Reading for Participants Who are Unfamiliar with Letterpress-Printing Technology in the Hand-Press Period

    Baker, Cathleen A. “Chapter 6. Relief Printing.” In From the Hand to the Machine, 133–171. 2nd imp. Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, 2014.

    Gaskell, Philip. “Imposition,” “Presswork.”  In A New Introduction to Bibliography, 78–141. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 1995.

  • Selected Further Readings

    Abbott, Jacob. Harper’s Story Books. The Harper Establishment; or, How the Story Books Are Made. New York: Harper & Bros., 1855.

    Albro, Silvia. Fabriano: City of Medieval and Renaissance Papermaking. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2016.

    Anon. “Books on Water-Marks.” Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 57, no. 2932 (January 1909): 205–07.

    Atkinson, Richard MacIntyre, trans. The Art of Papermaking. Kilmurry, Ireland: Ashling Press, 1976. Translation of LaLande.

    Audin, M. “De l’Origine du Papier Vélin.” Gutenberg Jahrbuch (1928): 69–86.

    Baker, Cathleen A. “The Wove Paper in John Baskerville’s Virgil (1757): Made on a Cloth-Covered Laid Mould.” In Papermaker’s Tears: Essays on the Art and Craft of Paper. Vol. 1, 2–44. Ann Arbor, Mich.: The Legacy Press, 2019.

    Bidwell, John. “The Study of Paper as Evidence, Artefact, and Commodity.” In The Book Encompassed: Studies in Twentieth-Century Bibliography, ed. Peter Davison, 69–82. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Also “The Study of Paper as Evidence, Artifact, and Commodity.” In Paper and Type: Bibliographical Essays, 3–18. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 2019.

    Bower, Peter. Turner’s Later Papers: A Study of the Manufacture, Selection, and Use of His Drawing Papers 1820–1851. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 1999.

    Bower, Peter. Turner’s Papers: A Study of the Manufacture, Selection and Use of His Drawing Papers, 1787–1820. London: Tate Gallery, 1990.

    Bower, Peter. “The Development of Wove Papermaking in England 1756–1812.” In The Mould: Paper- and Mould-Makers in the History of Western Paper, ed. Giancarlo Castagnari, 91–100. Fabriano: Istocarta, 2015.

    Briquet, Charles-Moïse. Les filigranes. Edited by Allan H. Stevenson. 4 vols. Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1968.

    Browning, B.L. Analysis of Paper. 2nd ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1977.

    Bühler, Curt F. “Chainlines versus Imposition in Incunabula.” Studies in Bibliography 23 (1970): 141–45.

    Chapman, Robert W. “An Inventory of Paper, 1674.” The Library, ser. 4, vol. 7, issue 4 (March 1927): 402–08.

    Chapman, Robert W. Cancels. London: Constable, 1930; New York: Richard R. Smith, 1930.

    Churchill, William A. Watermarks in Paper in Holland, England, France, etc., in the XVII and XVIII Centuries and Their Interconnection. 1935. Amsterdam: M. Hertzberger, 1967.

    Clapperton, R.H. “The History of Papermaking in England.” The Paper Maker 22, no. 2 (1953): 9–22.

    Clapperton, Robert H. The Paper-Making Machine: Its Invention, Evolution and Development. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1967.

    Cohen, Colin, and Geoffrey Wakeman. The Art of Making Paper. Loughborough, U.K.: Plough Press, 1978, 5–31. This is a reprint of an English translation of Lalande that appeared in the Universal Magazine (March 1762): 113–117; (May 1762): 260–267; (June 1762): 281–282.

    Cutbush, James. Early American Papermaking: Two Treatises on Manufacturing Techniques Reprinted from James Cutbush’s American Artist’s Manual (1814) with an Introduction by John Bidwell. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Books, 1990.

    Cutbush, James. The American Artist’s Manual, or Dictionary of Practical Knowledge… 2 vols. Philadelphia: Johnson & Warner, and R. Fisher, 1814.

    Davis, Charles T. The Manufacture of Paper: Being a Description of the Various Processes for the Fabrication, Coloring, and Finishing of Every Kind of Paper… Philadelphia: Henry Carey Baird, 1886.

    De Vinne, Theodore L. “The Adaptability of Paper.” The Bookman 5 (May 1897): 222–224.

    Desmarest, N. “Papier. (Art de fabriquer le).” In Encyclopédie Méthodique, Arts et Métiers Mécaniques… Vol. 5. Paris: Chez Panckoucke, 1788, 463–592. See Briquet, Les Filigranes, 1:6, for metric conversions of paper dimensions in Desmarest, 536–8, 555–92.

    Ferris, Suzanne. “Grain.” Hand Papermaking 4, no. 1 (Summer 1989): 16–25.

    Gaskell, Philip. “Paper,” “Paper in the Machine-press Period.”  In A New Introduction to Bibliography, 57–77, 214–230. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 1995.

    Gravell, Thomas L., and George Miller. American Watermarks 1690–1835. 1979. 2nd ed., rev. and expanded. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 2002.

    Gravell, Thomas L. and George Miller. A Catalogue of Foreign Watermarks Found on Paper Used in America, 1700–1835. 1983. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 1991.

    Green, Maureen P. The Green Family of Papermakers and Hayle Mill. Ann Arbor, Mich.: The Legacy Press, 2018.

    Hancock, Harold B., and Norman B. Wilkinson. “The Gilpins and Their Endless Papermaking Machine.” Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 81, no. 4 (October 1957): 391–405.

    Heawood, Edward. Watermarks Mainly of the 17th and 18th Centuries. Monumenta Chartæ Papyraceæ Historiam Illustrantia. Vol. 1. 1950. Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1970.

    Hills, Richard. Papermaking in Britain, 1488–1988: A Short History. London; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Athlone Press, 1988.

    Hunter, Dard. Papermaking: The History and Technique of an Ancient Craft. 1947. New York: Dover, 1978.

    Krill, John. English Artists’ Paper: Renaissance to Regency. 2nd ed. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press and Winterthur Museum, 2002.

    Labarre, E.J. Dictionary and Encyclopædia of Paper and Paper-making. 1952. 2nd ed. Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger, 1969.

    Lalande, Joseph Jérôme Jean Le Français de. Art de Faire le Papier. Paris: Académie royale des sciences, 1761 (Descriptions des Arts et Métiers, vol. 4). Atkinson, Richard MacIntyre, trans. The Art of Papermaking. Kilmurry, Ireland: Ashling Press, 1976. See Cohen, Colin and Geoffrey Wakeman above.

    Loeber, E.G. Paper Mould and Mouldmaker. Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1982.

    Loeber, E.G. Supplement to E.J. Labarre, Dictionary and Encyclopædia of Paper and Paper-making. Amsterdam: Swets & Zeitlinger, 1967.

    McGaw, Judith A. Most Wonderful Machine: Mechanization and Social Change in Berkshire Paper Making, 1801–1885. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1987.

    McKerrow, Ronald B. An Introduction to Bibliography for Literary Students. New Castle, Del.: Oak Knoll Press, 1994.

    McMullin, B.J. “Watermarks and the Determination of Format in British Paper, 1794-circa 1830.” Studies in Bibliography 56 (2003/04): 295–315.

    Munn, Jesse, Terry Boone Wallis, Mary Wootton, and Barbara Meier Husby. “Pre- and Post-Industrial Handmade Paper: You Can See the Difference.” Hand Papermaking 11, no. 2 (Winter 1996): 18–23.

    Munsell, Joel. Chronology of the Origin and Progress of Paper and Paper-Making. 5th ed. Albany, N.Y.: J. Munsell, 1876.

    Needham, Paul. “Allan H. Stevenson and the Bibliographical Uses of Paper.” Studies in Bibliography 47 (1994): 23–64.

    Oldman, C.B. “Watermark Dates in English Paper.” The Library, ser. 4, vol. 25, issue 1–2 (June 1944): 70–71.

    Papermaking: Art and Craft. An Account Derived from the Exhibition Presented in the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. and Opened on April 21, 1968. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1968.

    Pollard, Graham. “Notes on the Size of the Sheet.” The Library, ser. 4, vol. 22, issue 2–3 (September 1941): 105–37.

    Proteaux, A. Practical Guide for the Manufacture of Paper and Boards. Trans. Horatio Paine. Philadelphia: Henry Carey Baird, 1866.

    Renker, Armin. “Some Curious Customs of Old-Time Papermaking in Germany.” The Paper Maker 30, no. l (1961): 3–10.

    Richmond, Leonard, and John Littlejohns. The Technique of Water-Colour Painting. London: Sir Isaac Pitman & Sons, 1925.

    Ringwalt, J. Luther. American Encyclopædia of Printing. Philadelphia: Menamin & Ringwalt and J.B. Lippincott, 1871.

    Shorter, Alfred H. Paper Making in the British Isles: An Historical and Geographical Study. Newton Abbot, U.K.: David & Charles, 1971.

    Shorter, Alfred H. Paper Mills and Paper Makers in England, 1495–1800. Hilversum: Paper Publications Society, 1957.

    Stevenson, Allan. “New Uses of Watermarks as Bibliographical Evidence,” Studies in Bibliography 1 (1948–49): 151–182.

    Stevenson, Allan H. “Briquet and the Future of Paper Studies.” In Opuscula; the Complete Works of Dr. C.M. Briquet with Les Filigranes, v–l. Hilversum: Paper Publications Society, 1955.

    Stevenson, Allan. The Problem of the Missale Speciale. London: Bibliographical Society, 1967.

    Tanselle, G. Thomas. “Physical Bibliography in the Twentieth Century.” In Books, Manuscripts, and the History of Medicine: Essays on the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Osler Library, ed. Philip M. Teigen, 57–79. New York: Science History Publications, 1982. Also, Tanselle, G. Thomas. Essays in Bibliographical History, 17–37. Charlottesville: Bibliographical Society of the University of Virginia, 2013.

    Thomas, Peter and Donna. They Made the Paper at Tuckenhay Mill: Interviews with Retired Hand Papermakers. 2nd ed. Ann Arbor, Mich.: The Legacy Press, 2017.

    Tomlinson, Charles, ed. Cyclopædia of Useful Arts, Mechanical and Chemical Manufactures…2 vols. London & New York: George Virtue, 1854.

    Vander Meulen, David L. “The Identification of Paper without Watermarks: The Example of Pope’s Dunciad.” Studies in Bibliography 37 (1984): 58–81.

    “A Working Compendium of Watermarks in the Codex Arundel, Codex Leicester, and Other Papers of Leonardo da Vinci.” LEOcode: http://leocode.org; accessed April 2022.