G-20a. Printed Books to 1800: Description & Analysis (22 hours) - Advance Reading List

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  • Preliminary Advices

    Students will get far more out of the course if the advance reading is done carefully and completely. As you go through the reading, jot down what you would like to have explained, or see examples of, in class. Among other topics, the course will cover the basics of descriptive bibliography (format, collational formula, and description of paper, typography, and binding), though with more emphasis on understanding descriptions found in bibliographies and catalogs than on writing one’s own.

  • Required Reading

    Gaskell, Philip. A New Introduction to Bibliography. New York & Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1972, corrected 2nd printing, 1974; paperback edition, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 1995.Use any printing except the 1st, uncorrected printing (1972). This is the primary text for the course, so please purchase a copy and bring it with you to class if at all possible. Please read very carefully pp. 1–185 (“Book Production: The Hand-Press Period 1500-1800”), 313–335, and 368–380, but don’t get bogged down in the more technical sections. Although this course will not cover the machine-press period (pp. 189–310), it would be helpful to skim this portion if you have time.

    Carter, John. ABC for Book Collectors. London: Hart-Davis, 1952. 9th edition, revised by Nicolas Barker and Simran Thadani. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2016. The 8th edition (2004) is available free of charge as a PDF. An elegant and witty guide to essential terminology. Use any later edition. Some of the terms pertain to post-1800 imprints or are rarely used nowadays, but it is useful nonetheless to know these. It would be helpful to bring to class a list of any terms which remain unclear or for which you would like to see examples.

  • Required Viewing:

    The Anatomy of a Book: I. Format in the Hand-Press Period. Written by Terry Belanger and directed by Peter Herdrich. 1991. 30 minutes. Available on YouTube.

    The Making of a Renaissance Book. 1969. 22 minutes. Available on YouTube.

    Admitted students may request a set of facsimile practice materials from RBS by emailing rbsprograms@virginia.edu. Please note: The workbook will be made available online, and the facsimile practice materials are not a required component of this course. Students who do wish to request these materials should be advised that orders placed fewer than two weeks in advance of the course may not arrive prior to the course.

    Please watch both films before coming to class. For the first, be sure to review the workbook, bringing any questions you have to class. The Making of a Renaissance Book is an excellent visualization of the punchcutting, typefounding, and printing processes described in Gaskell.

  • Recommended Reading:

    Bowers, Fredson. Principles of Bibliographical Description. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949; several reprint editions; paperback edition, with introduction by G. Thomas Tanselle, New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 1994. Anyone with a serious interest in bibliography and the history of books and printing should tackle this magisterial, but challenging work at some point. If you have the time, please read at least Chapters 5 (skipping over the finer print) and 7, and Appendix I (pp. 193–254, 269–311, 457–462; see also Gaskell, pp. 328–335 for a very concise—but not fully accurate—summary of these chapters.) The basic concepts elucidated by Bowers will be covered in class. Then read (or re-read) Bowers after taking this course, by which time his discussion should make considerably more sense.

    Pearson, David. Provenance Research in Book History: A Handbook. [New and rev. ed.] Oxford: Bodleian Library, 2019. Despite its heavily Anglocentric focus, this is a very useful introduction to marks of provenance and their identification, with excellent color images.  Please read pp. 1-92, 107-173, and 343-378; skim the rest to the extent of your interest. If you have access only to the first edition (1994 or 1998 printing), read pp. 1-26, 38-70, 82-139, and 274-296.

    Pearson, David. English Bookbinding Styles 1450–1800. London: The British Library; New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press, 2005; corrected 2nd printing, 2014. Another useful introduction to a very complex and amorphous subject. The text and illustrations (many in color) provide an essential expansion of Gaskell’s extremely limited coverage. Only partly applicable to binding styles elsewhere in Europe, but at least this is a start. Please read pp. x–xi, 1–40, and browse pp. 41–163.