T-55. Type, Lettering & Calligraphy, 1830–2000
An examination of typefaces and related letterforms. Topics include: commercial typography and the evolution of decorative display types: Perrin, Whittingham, and the revival of old style typefaces; the types of the private presses; art nouveau: the artist and printmaker as letter designer; Edward Johnston and broad-pen calligraphy; type design for machine production: the American Typefounders Company, Mergenthaler Linotype, Monotype (in the USA and England); new types in Germany and France. This course continues the themes developed in T-50.
This course will attempt to bring together coherently a number of points about the history of letterforms during its period, to survey current scholarship in the field, and to point directions for students’ future study. The course presupposes a general knowledge of Western history and of the topics covered in T-50. In their personal statement, prospective students—especially those who have not already taken T-50—should outline their background and previous study in typographic history.