B-75. American Publishers’ Bookbindings, 1800–1900
Binderies in nineteenth-century America underwent dynamic changes, evolving from small shops employing a handful of workers to large factories owned and managed by publishers. By 1900, many American establishments were producing thousands of bindings per day using assembly-line techniques. In this course we will examine the industrialization of bookbinding in America during the nineteenth century and the evolving organization of labor within binderies. Major topics covered will also include: the transition from attached board binding to case binding, the introduction of cloth as a binding material, and the increased and book-specific decoration opportunities case binding allowed.
During the course we will discuss a number of important individuals and establishments, including Benjamin Bradley, the Harper Establishment, the Altemus Bindery, Sarah Wyman Whitman and Margaret Armstrong. In addition the course will examine the changing decorative style of American publishers’ bindings during the nineteenth century and the increasing bibliographic significance of bindings. More than ever before, bindings began to be used by publishers to attract customers.
With an increased reliance on digital capture and the delivery of nineteenth-century texts via electronic means, the identification and preservation of the physical elements of ninteenth-century American bindings has taken on greater significance for catalogers, bibliographers, curators, conservators, collectors and book dealers. The course will alternate between PowerPoint presentations, class discussions, and hands-on examination of physical objects from Rare Book School’s extensive collections of original materials.
Todd Pattison is the Senior Book Conservator at the Northeast Document Conservation Center, where he performs conservation treatments on a wide range of bound volumes. Before returning to NEDCC he was the Collections Conservator at Harvard College Library, supervising a lab treating Harvard’s general collections. Pattison currently serves on the board of the Ticknor Society and is Chair of the New England chapter of the Guild of Book Workers.
Todd first became fascinated with the binding of books in the Boy Scouts while completing his Bookbinding Merit Badge and later received his library degree from the University of Alabama.Full Bio »